10 things you should know about mountaineering or mountaineering

May 27, 2020

10 things you should know about mountaineering or mountaineering

CURIOSITIES OF ALPINISM AND THE MOUNTAINS:10 things you should know about mountaineering.

El Mountain climbing It is a sports practice that involves the ascent and descent of high mountains, which carries a series of skills, knowledge and techniques aimed at reaching the highest point of said summit.

It is known that mountaineering stands out for being a very broad physical discipline depending on its specialty, and that it is widely recognized by the sports community and the general public, since it involves a large number of associated risks that certainly require very strict preparation, in addition to a desire to excel and a great passion for adventure.

But we also know that it is an activity that does not stop surprising us every day nor does it stop causing us great respect and admiration. Maybe right now we think we know enough about mountaineering, but here we bring you some data that you surely did not know at all:

10 things you should know about mountaineering or mountaineering

10 THINGS YOU SURE YOU DIDN'T KNOW ABOUT ALPINISM

1.The most correct term is "Mountaineering".

We commonly call the action of mountain climbing “alpinism”, but the term that best refers to this discipline is “mountaineering" The term mountaineering is derived from the beginnings of mountaineering dating back to the Alps, in the late seventeenth century, when mountain climbing emerged in society as a challenge to nature itself and a form of exploration of the human sense, rather than as a sport. It began to be considered as a sports activity it was from the end of the 1786th century, when a group of English people embarked on the trip to the Alps on an exploration trip, and later maintained this place as a mecca for their practice as a sport. In 4.810, Jacques Balmat and Michel-Gabriel Paccard reached the top of Mont Blanc (the highest summit in the Alps at XNUMXm) for the first time in history.

10 things you should know about mountaineering or mountaineering

2. The highest mountains in the world are called "Ochomiles".

The 14 highest mountains in the world are known as "eight thousand" because, as their name implies, they exceed 8.000 meters above sea level. The 14 eight thousand are:

  • Everest (mount) with 8.848 m high. Himalayas (Tibet, Nepal)
  • K2 (peak) 8.611 m high. Karakórum (China, Pakistan)
  • Kangchenjunga (peak) 8.586 m high. Himalayas (Nepal, China)
  • Lhotse (peak) at 8.516 m high. Himalaya (Nepal)
  • Makalu (peak) with 8.462 m high. Himalayas (Nepal, Tibet)
  • Cho Oyu (peak) 8.201 m high. Himalayas (Nepal, Tibet)
  • Dhaulagiri (peak) 8.167 m high. Himalaya (Nepal)
  • Manaslu (peak) 8.163 m high. Himalaya (Nepal)
  • Nanga Parbat (peak) 8.125 m high. Karakórum (Pakistan)
  • Annapurna (peak) 8.091 m high. Himalaya (Nepal)
  • Gasherbrum I (peak) 8.068 m high. Karakórum (China, Pakistan, India)
  • Broad Peak (8.047 m high). Karakórum (Pakistan)
  • Shisha Pangma (peak) with 8.046 m high. Himalaya (Tibet)
  • Gasherbrum II (peak) with 8.035 m high. Karakórum (Pakistan, China)

3. Only 40 people have crowned the 14 eight thousand in history.

Many mountaineers or mountaineers are in the race to crown the 14 eight thousand right now, but only 40 have achieved this goal to date. Reinhold Messner (Italy) was the first man to tread the 14 eight thousand, between the years 1970-1986 and Edurne Pasaban (Spain) was the first woman, managing to complete them between 2001 and 2010.

4. Everest is not the largest mountain in the world.

Let's see, no, they haven't lied to you all your life. Mount Everest is the highest scalable mountain on planet Earth, but the Hawaiian Mauna Kea volcano is higher, since from its base located at the bottom of the ocean to its top it measures a total of about 10.203 m, exceeding 8.848m which measures Everest in its entirety. Translated as "white mountain" in Hawaiian, the Mauna Kea has only 4.200 m that surpass the surface, but its geographical location has been for its part very useful for astronomical observations.

10 things you should know about mountaineering or mountaineering

5. Scott Parazynski he is the only man to crown Everest and space.

Born in Little Rock, Arkansas (USA) in 1961, Scott Parazynski has been the only man to climb Mount Everest (May 20, 2009) and also travel to space 5 different times as a NASA astronaut.

6. Gangkhar Puensum It is the highest mountain on earth that has never been crowned.

The highest mountain in the Kingdom of Bhutan (Himalayas), known as Gangkhar Puensum, is 7570 m high and tops the list of the highest mountains whose summit has never been crowned to date. Due to religious reasons, mountaineering was completely banned from Bhutan in 2003, and since then there have been no further attempts to reach its summit. It is the 40th highest mountain in the world.

10 things you should know about mountaineering or mountaineering

7. After exceeding 7.500m in height you arrive at the "Death Zone".

The Swiss doctor Edouard Wyss-Dunant defined the term “death zone” in 1953, attributing it to the zones that exceed 7.500 m in height, before which the human being no longer correctly fulfills certain bodily functions such as acclimatizing, breathing, digesting food, among others. However, it is possible that some mountains have a lower “death zone”, for example, Los Andes, where these symptoms (also known as “mountain sickness”) may already appear at 6.000-6.5000 m.

8. Mountaineering has countless physical benefits for those who practice it.

Mountaineering or mountaineering represents a series of very important health benefits, not only related to maintaining a weight online, it is also a discipline that helps improve heart and lung conditions, which are key to cell development and blood flow that it supports all the organs of our body and the functions that correspond to each one. In addition, without a doubt you will be able to develop greater muscle strength and endurance, as well as adapt your body and mind to certain conditions, which in mountaineering are taken to the extreme.

10 things you should know about mountaineering or mountaineering

9. Mountain climbing also leaves an important emotional and mental footprint.

It is clear that climbing mountains is not easy at all. But the truth is that not only will the physical demands put you to the test, you will also notice that your emotional and psychological state can also be pushed to the limit. This type of adventure sports teaches you very important things, such as persistence, patience and gratitude. It is important to note that many mountaineers may go through negative thoughts before transforming them into positive ones, and it would not be a surprise if they enjoy little things more than other people, such as drinking water, or enjoying a rod among friends, and therefore have a different appreciation of life.

10. Climbing a mountain will never be the same twice.

Each time you climb a mountain, the sensation will be different from the previous one, even if you climb the same twice on different opportunities, since you will be subject to different weather conditions, different equipment, different companions, and even yourself, you will also be a different person physically and psychologically. Each mountain experience will be unmatched in its own style, and with each of them you will learn something new about the sport as such and also about yourself, your limits and your abilities to overcome. With experience and practice, the best climbers are built.

10 things you should know about mountaineering or mountaineering


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