In the middle of the ski season, you may still be planning an excursion and spending a few days enjoying the snow and exercising. Whether your thing is classic skiing or snowboarding, today we want to briefly illustrate you about the most common injuries in each of the two modalities: what they are, their causes and their symptoms.
The anterior cruciate ligament is located on the inside of the knee, in the front, and is crucial for the stability of this joint. It is responsible for providing rotational stability to the knee. Of the four main ligaments of the joint, the ACL is the one that is most often injured.
The causes of injury to this ligament can be various: sudden changes of direction, dry braking, poor support of the leg on the ground after a jump or simply a direct impact on the knee. The affected person feels as if the knee is giving way, as if it were going to come off its place; coming to have the feeling that the knee can no longer support its weight. This is also accompanied by pain in the inflamed area and inability to support the limb.
This sprain may be due to an impact on the outside of the knee which, by deflecting the joint inward with great force, tears the ligament; or it can even be caused by a forced displacement of the knee while the foot is locked and pressed to the ground. Unlike what occurs with anterior cruciate ligament tears, which mostly require surgical treatment to ensure complete healing, these internal lateral ligament sprains can heal without surgery.
Although it is not as common a ski injury as knee injuries can be, many skiers go to medical centers suffering from this condition. This injury arises from falling on the outstretched hand while holding the ski pole. The ulnar collateral ligament, located on the thumb, of the metacarpophalangeal joint of the first finger joins the neck of the thumb metacarpal with the base of the first phalanx, and is an especially vulnerable point.
On the wrist are the scaphoid and the distal radius, which form the base of this joint in the area commonly called as anatomic snuffbox. When falling with the wrist flexed and the arm extended, these bones suffer a lot and are injured very often.
The navicular is a small bone, with a very characteristic morphology, whose mission is to facilitate the mobility of the wrist, and is the weak point of the wrist in terms of frequency of injuries.
The other frequent possibility is a fracture of the radius, bone that is located next to the ulna, located at the base of the wrist and at its junction with the arm. Surgical intervention is usually necessary depending on the severity of the fracture.
The dislocation occurs when there is a force on the open hand, with the shoulder abducted, in movements of external rotation or in elevation. It is advisable to choose different therapeutic treatments depending on whether we are talking about a first case of dislocation in the affected person or if it is a pathology that the patient has already suffered on previous occasions.
Clavicle fractures can be proximal, middle, or distal third. The vast majority, around 80%, occur in the middle third of the bone. Most clavicle fractures occur as a result of falls on the outstretched hand or arm, falls on the shoulder, or direct impacts on the clavicle itself. Depending on the type of injury and the characteristics of the person affected, the injury can be treated from non-surgical treatment or undergo surgery.
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